BREAKING NEWS

07 October 2007

LAB VALUES




ABG

Ph 7.35 - 7.45

PCO2 35 – 45 mm Hg

HCO3 22 – 27 mEq/ml

PO2 80 – 100 mm Hg

SaO2 93 – 100%

RBC

Male 4.5 - 6.2 million/ cubic mm

Female 4.0 - 5.5 million/cubic mm

WBC

4,300 - 10,800/ cubic mm

Platelets

150,000 - 350,000/ cubic mm

Hgb

Male 14 - 16.5 g/dL Female 12 - 15 g/ dL

Hct

Male 42 - 52%

Female 35 - 47%

PT (Warfarin/ Coumadin)

Male 9.6-11.8 secs

Female 9.5-11.3 secs

Should be 1.5 to 2 times the Normal

PTT/ APTT (Heparin)

20-36 secs / 30-45 secs

Should be 1.5 to 2.5 times the Normal

INR

2 – 3 Standard Warfarin therapy

3 – 4.5 High dose Warfarin therapy

2-3 Atrial fibrillation, DVT and Pulmonary embolism

2.5-3.5 Prosthetic heart valves

Bleeding Time

3 - 7 mins.

8 - 15mins (Saunders)

Electrolytes

K 3.5 - 5.1 mEq/ L

Mg 1.6 - 2.6 mEq/ L

Ph 2.7 - 4.5 mEq/ L

Na 135 - 145 mEq/ L

Cl 98-107 mEq/ L

Ca 8.6 - 10 mg/dL

Potassium Chloride

IT IS NEVER GIVEN BY IV PUSH, IM OR SUB Q

With a dilution of not more than 1mEq/10ml

Maximum infusion rate of 5-10 mEq/ hr

NEVER to exceed 20 mEq/ hr at any circumstance

Blood Sugar

70 – 110 mg/dL

Glycosylated Hgb (glycohemoglobin)

less than 7.5% Good

7.6 - 8.9% Fair

greater than 9% Poor

Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA)

0.7 - 6.8 mg/24 hrs

GFR

125 ml/min

Creatinine

0.8 - 1 mg/dL

0.6-1.3 mg/dL (Saunders)

BUN

10 – 20 mg/dL

8-25 mg/dL (Saunders)

UO

Adult: 30 cc/hr and 720 cc/24 hours

Pedia: 2cc/ kg/ hr

AST/ ALT

5-40 IU/L

Ammonia

9-33 µmol/L

35-65 mcg/ dl

Albumin

3 - 5 g/dL

Amylase

25-151 units/ L

Lipase

10-140 units/ L

Bilirubin (Total)

less than 1.5 mg/ dL

Pulmonary capillary mean wedge pressure

4-12 mmHg

Central Venous Pressure

2-6 mmHg

Plasma Osmolality

280-300 mOsm/kg

Serum Alcohol

LEGAL .08 - .10

TOXIC! grater than 0.15 (50mg/100cc of blood)

greater than 8%

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