LAB VALUES


ABG
Ph 7.35 - 7.45
PCO2 35 – 45 mm Hg
HCO3 22 – 27 mEq/ml
PO2 80 – 100 mm Hg
SaO2 93 – 100%
RBC
Male 4.5 - 6.2 million/ cubic mm
Female 4.0 - 5.5 million/cubic mm
WBC
4,300 - 10,800/ cubic mm
Platelets
150,000 - 350,000/ cubic mm
Hgb
Male 14 - 16.5 g/dL Female 12 - 15 g/ dL
Hct
Male 42 - 52%
Female 35 - 47%
PT (Warfarin/ Coumadin)
Male 9.6-11.8 secs
Female 9.5-11.3 secs
Should be 1.5 to 2 times the Normal
PTT/ APTT (Heparin)
20-36 secs / 30-45 secs
Should be 1.5 to 2.5 times the Normal
INR
2 – 3 Standard Warfarin therapy
3 – 4.5 High dose Warfarin therapy
2-3 Atrial fibrillation, DVT and Pulmonary embolism
2.5-3.5 Prosthetic heart valves
Bleeding Time
3 - 7 mins.
8 - 15mins (Saunders)
Electrolytes
K 3.5 - 5.1 mEq/ L
Mg 1.6 - 2.6 mEq/ L
Ph 2.7 - 4.5 mEq/ L
Na 135 - 145 mEq/ L
Cl 98-107 mEq/ L
Ca 8.6 - 10 mg/dL
Potassium Chloride
IT IS NEVER GIVEN BY IV PUSH, IM OR SUB Q
With a dilution of not more than 1mEq/10ml
Maximum infusion rate of 5-10 mEq/ hr
NEVER to exceed 20 mEq/ hr at any circumstance
Blood Sugar
70 – 110 mg/dL
Glycosylated Hgb (glycohemoglobin)
less than 7.5% Good
7.6 - 8.9% Fair
greater than 9% Poor
Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA)
0.7 - 6.8 mg/24 hrs
GFR
125 ml/min
Creatinine
0.8 - 1 mg/dL
0.6-1.3 mg/dL (Saunders)
BUN
10 – 20 mg/dL
8-25 mg/dL (Saunders)
UO
Adult: 30 cc/hr and 720 cc/24 hours
Pedia: 2cc/ kg/ hr
AST/ ALT
5-40 IU/L
Ammonia
9-33 µmol/L
35-65 mcg/ dl
Albumin
3 - 5 g/dL
Amylase
25-151 units/ L
Lipase
10-140 units/ L
Bilirubin (Total)
less than 1.5 mg/ dL
Pulmonary capillary mean wedge pressure
4-12 mmHg
Central Venous Pressure
2-6 mmHg
Plasma Osmolality
280-300 mOsm/kg
Serum Alcohol
LEGAL .08 - .10
TOXIC! grater than 0.15 (50mg/100cc of blood)
greater than 8%

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