BREAKING NEWS

06 June 2010

INFLUENZA, FLU

INFLUENZA
Flu (trangkaso)
Highly contagious disease characterized by sudden onset of aches and pains.

Causative Agent:
Influenza virus A,B,C

Modes of Transmission:
droplet infection
contact with nasoparyngeal secretions

Incubation Period:
18 – 36 hrs

Signs and Symptoms:

1. Respiratory – most common may lead to pneumonia end empyema
Fever
Chills
Coryza
Bitter taste
Anorexia
Muscle pains and aches
Sore throat
Pain behind the eyeballs

2. Intestinal
Vomiting
Fever
Severe diarrhea
Severe abdominal pain
Obstinate constipation

3. Nervousness
Headache
Fever
Arthralgia
Myalgia – lead to encephalitis or meningitis

Nursing Care:
Rest
Increase fluid intake
Well balanced nutrition diet
Warm saline gargle
Cover nose and mouth when coughing, sneezing

Prevention:
Avoid MOT
Maintain optimum health
Immunization – influenza vaccine
Educate re-hazard form spitting, sneezing & coughing.

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